Extreme heat and wildfires hit the Mediterranean region

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Extreme heat and wildfires hit the Mediterranean region

Active fires in last 7 days,

as of Aug. 12

RUSSIA

UNITED KINGDOM

IRELAND

POLAND

GERMANY

UKRAINE

FRANCE

ROMANIA

Black Sea

ITALY

BULGARIA

SPAIN

PORT.

GREECE

TURKEY

ALGERIA

TUNISIA

Mediterranean Sea

MOROCCO

IRAQ

LIBYA

EGYPT

RUSSIA

UNITED KINGDOM

IRELAND

POLAND

GERMANY

UKRAINE

Active fires in last 7 days,

as of Aug. 12

FRANCE

ROMANIA

Black Sea

ITALY

BULGARIA

SPAIN

PORTUGAL

GREECE

TURKEY

ALGERIA

TUNISIA

Mediterranean Sea

MOROCCO

IRAQ

LIBYA

EGYPT

RUSSIA

UNITED KINGDOM

IRELAND

POLAND

GERMANY

UKRAINE

Active fires in last 7 days,

as of Aug. 12

FRANCE

ROMANIA

Black Sea

ITALY

BULGARIA

SPAIN

PORTUGAL

GREECE

TURKEY

ALGERIA

TUNISIA

Mediterranean Sea

MOROCCO

IRAQ

LIBYA

EGYPT

Active fires in last 7 days,

as of Aug. 12

UNITED KINGDOM

IRELAND

POLAND

GERMANY

UKRAINE

FRANCE

ROMANIA

Black Sea

ITALY

BULGARIA

SPAIN

PORT.

GREECE

TURKEY

ALGERIA

TUNISIA

Mediterranean Sea

MOROCCO

LIBYA

EGYPT

From Turkey to Tunisia, countries around the Mediterranean have been seeing some of their highest temperatures in decades, as wildfires scorched thousands of hectares of forest and land near coastal areas.

On Wednesday, a regional weather station on the island of Syracuse, Italy, recorded a high temperature of 48.8 °C (119.8°F). If the figure is confirmed by the World Meteorological Organization, it would set a new European heat record.

This week a United Nations climate panel in Geneva, Switzerland warned that the world was dangerously close to runaway warming as a new heat wave swept through the Mediterranean.

Temperatures on the rise

Change in the average temperature recorded each year during the month

of June compared to the overall average temperature in June from 1901 to 2000.

+1.42 °C

+1.5 °C

(+2.56 °F)

1.2

0.9

0.6

0.3

0.0

-0.3

-0.6

1880

1900

1920

1940

1960

1980

2000

2021

Source: National Centers for Environmental Information

Temperatures on the rise

Change in the average temperature recorded each year during the month of June compared

to the overall average temperature in June from 1901 to 2000.

+1.42 °C

+1.5 °C

(+2.56 °F)

1.2

0.9

0.6

0.3

0.0

-0.3

-0.6

1880

1900

1920

1940

1960

1980

2000

2021

Source: National Centers for Environmental Information

Temperatures on the rise

Change in the average temperature recorded each year during the month of June compared

to the overall average temperature in June from 1901 to 2000.

+1.42 °C

+1.5 °C

(+2.56 °F)

1.2

0.9

0.6

0.3

0.0

-0.3

-0.6

1880

1900

1920

1940

1960

1980

2000

2021

Source: National Centers for Environmental Information

Temperatures on the rise

Change in the average temperature recorded each year during

the month of June compared to the overall average temperature

in June from 1901 to 2000.

+1.42 °C

+1.5 °C

(+2.56 °F)

1.2

0.9

0.6

0.3

0.0

-0.3

-0.6

1880

1900

1920

1940

1960

1980

2000

2021

Source: National Centers for Environmental Information

Earlier this month, Greek authorities urged citizens to conserve electricity as the worst heatwave in more than 30 years pushed the power system to its limits and wildfires continued to burn in many areas.

“We’re dealing with the worst heatwave since 1987,” said Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis.

From Turkey to Tunisia, wildfires have ravaged thousands of hectares of land. Algeria’s government deployed the army to help fight fires that tore through forested areas in the north of the country, killing at least 65 people, including 28 soldiers.

Le Capannine beach in Catania, Sicily, Italy (July 30).

Roberto Viglianisi/via REUTERS

Ellinika, on the island of Evia, Greece (August 9).

REUTERS/Alexandros Avramidis

Kabylie region of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria (August 11).

REUTERS/Abdelaziz Boumzar

Village of Ikizce, in Mugla province, Turkey, (August 6).

REUTERS/Umit Bektas

Le Capannine beach in Catania, Sicily, Italy (July 30).

Roberto Viglianisi/via REUTERS

Ellinika, on the island of Evia, Greece (August 9).

REUTERS/Alexandros Avramidis

Kabylie region of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria (August 11).

REUTERS/Abdelaziz Boumzar

Village of Ikizce, in Mugla province, Turkey, (August 6).

REUTERS/Umit Bektas

Le Capannine beach in Catania, Sicily, Italy (July 30).

Roberto Viglianisi/via REUTERS

Ellinika, on the island of Evia, Greece (August 9).

REUTERS/Alexandros Avramidis

Kabylie region of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria (August 11). REUTERS/Abdelaziz Boumzar

Village of Ikizce, in Mugla province, Turkey, (August 6). REUTERS/Umit Bektas

Le Capannine beach in Catania, Sicily, Italy (July 30).

Roberto Viglianisi/via REUTERS

Kabylie region of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria (August 11).

REUTERS/Abdelaziz Boumzar

Multiple blazes erupted in Calabria, the toe of Italy’s boot, where a 76-year-old man died after his house collapsed due to the flames, Ansa news agency reported. Fires are also sweeping through Sicily, destroying trees and threatening property in the southern and central parts of the island, local media reported.

South of Italy

10 AUG 2020

Reggio

Calabria

Palermo

Trapani

Catania

Marsala

48.8 °C

were registered at 13:14:15

on August 11 near

the city of Syracuse

SICILY

Syracuse

25 km

In red, burned areas as detected in Sicily, Italy, by satellite Copernicus’ Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

South of Italy

10 AUG 2020

Palermo

Trapani

Reggio

Calabria

Catania

Marsala

SICILY

48.8 °C

were registered at 13:14:15

on August 11 near

the city of Syracuse

Syracuse

25 km

In red, burned areas as detected in Sicily, Italy, by satellite Copernicus’ Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

South of Italy

10 AUG 2020

Palermo

Trapani

Reggio

Calabria

Catania

Marsala

SICILY

48.8 °C

were registered at 13:14:15

on August 11 near

the city of Syracuse

Syracuse

25 km

In red, burned areas as detected in Sicily, Italy, by satellite Copernicus’ Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

South of Italy

10 AUG 2020

Palermo

SICILY

Catania

48.8 °C

were registered at 13:14:15

on August 11 near

the city of Syracuse

Syracuse

25 km

In red, burned areas as detected in Sicily, Italy, by satellite

Copernicus’ Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

Northeast of Algeria

11 AUG 2020

El Kala

El Aioun

Berrihane

Ain El Assel

Rami Souk

El Tarf

≈ 15 km

ALGERIA

Wildfire data as detected by Copernicus’ Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

Northeast of Algeria

11 AUG 2020

El Kala

El Aioun

Berrihane

Ain El Assel

Rami Souk

El Tarf

≈ 15 km

ALGERIA

Wildfire data as detected by Copernicus’ Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

Northeast of Algeria

11 AUG 2020

El Kala

El Aioun

Berrihane

Ain El Assel

Rami Souk

El Tarf

≈ 15 km

ALGERIA

Wildfire data as detected by Copernicus’ Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

Northeast of Algeria

11 AUG 2020

El Kala

Berrihane

Ain El Assel

Rami Souk

El Tarf

≈ 15 km

ALGERIA

Wildfire data as detected by Copernicus’

Sentinel-2 on Aug. 10. REUTERS

The worst hit area in Algeria has been Tizi Ouzou, the largest district of the mountainous Kabylie region, where houses have burned and residents fled to shelter in hotels, hostels and university accommodation in nearby towns.

President Abdelmadjid Tebboune declared three days of national mourning for the dead.

Greece: Evia Island and Attica peninsula

6 AUG 2020

EVIA ISLAND

≈ 25 km

8 AUG 2020

8 AUG 2020

Thousands of people have fled their homes on the Greek island of Evia, and ferries were on standby for more evacuations after taking many to safety by sea.

 

The blaze on Evia, Greece’s second-biggest island, quickly burgeoned into several fronts, ripping through thousands of hectares (acres) of pristine forest across its northern part, and forcing the evacuation of dozens of villages.

Paleokastro

Psaropouli

Galatsona

Monokarya

Strafi

Kyparissi

Prasidi

Amelantes

≈ 30 km

Mysokampos

Mysokampos

Pyssonas

Evia Island

Chalkida

Anthoupoli

Anthoupoli

Oinoi

Boufalo

Argyro

Oinoi

Boufalo

Panagia

Attica

Inofyta

Nea Styra

Mount Parnitha

Amygdalia

Nea Styra

≈ 15 km

Magoula

Karystos

Karystos

Athens

Salamina

Peloponnese

6 AUG 2020

Olympia

Peloponnese

Pothos

Kafkonia

≈ 12 km

Pyrgos

Kladeos

Peukes

Wildfires across the country also affected areas in the Peloponnese including Mani, Messinia and near ancient Olympia, the site of the first Olympic Games.

6 AUG 2020

≈ 8 km

Monastiraki

Khrani

Karnasio

Aghioi

Theodori

6 AUG 2020

Pyrgos

Aghios

Dimitrios

≈ 20 km

Gythio

Mavrovouni

Karvelas

Greece: Evia Island and Attica peninsula

6 AUG 2020

EVIA ISLAND

≈ 25 km

8 AUG 2020

Thousands of people have fled their homes on the Greek island of Evia, and ferries were on standby for more evacuations after taking many to safety by sea.

 

The blaze on Evia, Greece’s second-biggest island, quickly burgeoned into several fronts, ripping through thousands of hectares (acres) of pristine forest across its northern part, and forcing the evacuation of dozens of villages.

Paleokastro

Psaropouli

Galatsona

Levakonisia

Monokarya

Kyparissi

Strafi

Prasidi

Simia

Amelantes

≈ 30 km

Mysokampos

Pyssonas

Evia Island

Chalkida

Anthoupoli

Oinoi

Oinoi

Boufalo

Argyro

Inofyta

Panagia

Mount Parnitha

Lake of Marathon

Attica

Nea Styra

≈ 15 km

Amygdalia

Magoula

Eleusis

Karystos

≈ 17 km

Athens

Salamina

A fire broke out on Aug. 3, burning forest and homes in the northern outskirts of Athens around the main highway linking Athens to northern Greece.

Corinth

Peloponnese

Earlier in May, another fire had burned several squared miles of forest near the city of Corynth.

Portochely

Peloponnese

6 AUG 2020

Olympia

Pothos

Kafkonia

≈ 12 km

Pyrgos

Kladeos

Peukes

Wildfires across the country also affected areas in the Peloponnese including Mani, Messinia and near ancient Olympia, the site of the first Olympic Games.

6 AUG 2020

≈ 8 km

Monastiraki

Khrani

Karnasio

Aghioi

Theodori

6 AUG 2020

Pyrgos

Aghios

Dimitrios

≈ 20 km

Gythio

Mavrovouni

Karvelas

Greece: Evia Island and Attica peninsula

6 AUG 2020

EVIA ISLAND

≈ 25 km

8 AUG 2020

Thousands of people have fled their homes on the Greek island of Evia, and ferries were on standby for more evacuations after taking many to safety by sea.

 

The blaze on Evia, Greece’s second-biggest island, quickly burgeoned into several fronts, ripping through thousands of hectares (acres) of pristine forest across its northern part, and forcing the evacuation of dozens of villages.

Paleokastro

Psaropouli

Galatsona

Levakonisia

Monokarya

Strafi

Kyparissi

Prasidi

Simia

Amelantes

≈ 30 km

Mysokampos

Pyssonas

Evia Island

Chalkida

Anthoupoli

Oinoi

Oinoi

Boufalo

Argyro

Inofyta

Panagia

Mount Parnitha

Lake of Marathon

Attica

Nea Styra

≈ 15 km

Amygdalia

Magoula

Eleusis

≈ 17 km

Karystos

Athens

Salamina

A fire broke out on Aug. 3, burning forest and homes in the northern outskirts of Athens around the main highway linking Athens to northern Greece.

Corinth

Peloponnese

Portochely

Peloponnese

6 AUG 2020

Olympia

Pothos

Kafkonia

≈ 12 km

Pyrgos

Kladeos

Peukes

Wildfires across the country also affected areas in the Peloponnese including Mani, Messinia and near ancient Olympia, the site of the first Olympic Games.

6 AUG 2020

≈ 8 km

Monastiraki

Khrani

Karnasio

Aghioi

Theodori

6 AUG 2020

Pyrgos

Aghios

Dimitrios

≈ 20 km

Gythio

Mavrovouni

Karvelas

Greece: Evia Island and Attica

6 AUG 2020

EVIA ISLAND

≈ 25 km

Thousands of people have fled their homes on the Greek island of Evia, and ferries were on standby for more evacuations after taking many to safety by sea.

 

The blaze on Evia, Greece’s second-biggest island, quickly burgeoned into several fronts, ripping through thousands of hectares (acres) of pristine forest across its northern part, and forcing the evacuation of dozens of villages.

Paleokastro

Galatsona

Monokarya

Strafi

Simia

≈ 30 km

Evia Island

Pyssonas

Chalkida

Oinoi

Oinoi

Inofyta

Mount Parnitha

Attica

≈ 15 km

Magoula

Eleusis

≈ 17 km

Athens

Salamina

A fire broke out on Aug. 3, burning forest and homes in the northern outskirts of Athens around the main highway linking Athens to northern Greece.

Earlier in May, another fire had burned several squared miles of forest near the city of Corynth.

While the East Mediterranean region has had the worst part so far in terms of heat, for Portugal and Spain the worse is still to come. For the next few days, “Lucifer” as the heatwave has been nicknamed, is expected to arrive triggering weather warnings also over the West.

Sources

NASA FIRMS; Copernicus’ Sentinel-2; Natural Earth; National Centers for Environmental Information; U.S. National Oceanic And atmospheric Administration; Servizio Informativo Agrometeorologico Siciliano; REUTERS

Graphics By

Samuel Granados

Edited by

Jon McClure